Google Fiber Cities

Google Fiber is working on providing broadband speeds of 1000Mbps - about 100 times faster than today's basic speeds. Launching the new service very deliberate, Google has chosen to test its new high-speed broadband connections in a variety of US cities: 

"These cities are led by people who have been working hard to bring faster Internet speeds and the latest technologies to their residents. We believe these are communities who will do amazing things with a gig. And they are diverse -- not just geographically, but in the ways they’ll give us opportunities to learn about the wide range of challenges and obstacles that communities might face in trying to build a new fiber network."

This quote made us wonder exactly how diverse (and perhaps representative) these cities were so we gathered some information on them from the US Census Bureau. This led to a dataset of 50 current, upcoming and potential Google Fiber locations, plus the averages of the 10 different states these cities are in as well as national averages.



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US Cities with Google Fiber - Current, Upcoming and Potential

Page Title
Fiber
Population
Location
AtlantaUpcoming447,841Atlanta, Georgia
AustinCurrent885,400Austin, Texas
BeavertonPotential93,542Beaverton, Oregon
BrookhavenUpcoming50,603Brookhaven, Georgia
CarrboroUpcoming20,908Carrboro, North Carolina
CaryUpcoming151,088Cary, North Carolina
Chapel HillUpcoming59,635Chapel Hill, North Carolina
CharlotteUpcoming792,862Charlotte, North Carolina
College ParkUpcoming14,621College Park, Georgia
DecaturUpcoming20,086Decatur, Georgia
DurhamUpcoming245,475Durham, North Carolina
East PointUpcoming35,512East Point, Georgia
GarnerUpcoming26,772Garner, North Carolina
GladstoneCurrent26,157Gladstone, Missouri
GrandviewCurrent25,307Grandview, Missouri
GreshamPotential109,397Gresham, Oregon
HapevilleUpcoming6,683Hapeville, Georgia
HillsboroPotential97,368Hillsboro, Oregon
IrvinePotential237111Irvine,California
Kansas CityCurrent467,007Kansas City, Missouri
Lake OswegoPotential37,610Lake Oswego, Oregon
Lee's SummitCurrent93,184Lee's Summit, Missouri
LenexaCurrent50,344Lenexa, Kansas
LouisvillePotential610475Louisville,Kentucky
MerriamCurrent11,281Merriam, Kansas
MissionCurrent9,516Mission, Kansas
MorrisvilleUpcoming21,932Morrisville, North Carolina
Mountain ViewPotential77,846Mountain View, California
NashvillePotential634,464Nashville, Tennessee
OlatheCurrent131,885Olathe, Kansas
Palo AltoPotential66,642Palo Alto, California
PhoenixPotential1,513,367Phoenix, Arizona
PortlandPotential609,456Portland, Oregon
Prairie VillageCurrent21,892Prairie Village, Kansas
ProvoCurrent116,288Provo, Utah
RaleighUpcoming431,746Raleigh, North Carolina
RaytownCurrent29,510Raytown, Missouri
Roeland ParkCurrent6,845Roeland Park, Kansas
Salt Lake CityUpcoming191,180Salt Lake City, Utah
San AntonioUpcoming1,409,019San Antonio, Texas
San DiegoPotential1359844San Diego,California
San JosePotential998,537San Jose, California
Sandy SpringsUpcoming99,770Sandy Springs, Georgia
Santa ClaraPotential120,245Santa Clara, California
ScottsdalePotential226,918Scottsdale, Arizona
ShawneeCurrent64,323Shawnee, Kansas
SmyrnaUpcoming53,438Smyrna, Georgia
SunnyvalePotential147,559Sunnyvale, California
TempePotential168,228Tempe, Arizona
TigardPotential50,444Tigard, Oregon

Each Google Fiber location is plotted with the bubble size based on population size. Sources: Google Fiber and US Census Bureau.

Fiber city median household incomes compared to state average 


Affluency compared


Looking at household incomes and citizens living below the poverty level it is clear most cities that will be experimenting with super-fast internet are relatively affluent. About 75% of the currently selected Fiber cities have above state average median households and below state average poor populations.

Fiber city poverty levels compared to state average


Demographic make up of each Fiber city


Seniors and minors in each Fiber city


Diversity compared


Focussing on the four biggest groups in the census data showed each city's make up of white (non-hispanic), black, hispanic and asian populations. About two thirds of the communities are predominantly white, but that's pretty much in line with the national average of 62.6%. The range for these cities goes from 12% to 93% white. To get a proxy for the diversity of the Fiber cities we compared each cities' white population figure with the state average. From this it shows that most of the communities have relatively smaller white populations than the state's average. 

Comparing age groups of the Fiber cities shows the first roll out is not particularly aimed at the youngest generations: in the majority of cities, citizens 18 years and younger make up smaller portions than the state averages. At the same time, the communities of seniors are also disproportionally smaller: only 6 out of 50 Fiber locations will have at or above national average proportions of senior citizens.

White population compared to state average


Young population compared to state average


Highschool graduates and bachelor degrees


Education levels compared


A third indicator the census data would let us analyse is the education level of the various Fiber cities. The percentage of people with higher education in these cities was considerably higher than national and state averages. This is true for high school graduates -- with 43 communities out of 50 showing percentages above the national average of 86%. But it is particularly true for people with bachelor's degrees. Only 9 of the 50 Fiber communities did not show percentages that are well above their state averages. 

Fiber city's population with a bachelor's degree compared to state average